Normal view MARC view ISBD view

Standard negation : the negation of declarative verbal main clauses in a typological perspective /

by Miestamo, Matti.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookSeries: Empirical Approaches to Language Typology ; 31.Publisher: Berlin : Nueva York : Mouton de Gruyter, 2005Description: xiii, 490 páginas : 24 cm.ISBN: 9783110185799; 3110185792.Subject(s): Gramática comparada y general | Verbo (Gramática) | Tipología (Lingüística)
Contents:
Introduction. -- preliinaries. -- A preview of negation in language and in languages. -- Earlier typologies of standard negation. -- Theoretical and methodological issues. -- Outline of methodology. -- Sampling. -- Defining standard negation. -- Cross-linguistic patterns: classification and correlations. -- Functional motivations. -- Conclusion. -- Introduction. -- Symmetric and asymmetric negation: constructional and paradigmatic. -- Further delimitations to the object of study. -- Symmetric negation. -- Symmetric constructions. -- Symmetric paradigms. -- Further examples and discussion of symmetric negation. -- Conclusion. -- Asymmetric negation. -- Asymmetry in the finiteness of verbal elements: type A/Fin. -- A/Fin/Neg-LV. -- A/Fin/Neg-FE. -- A/Fin/Neg-Cl. -- A/Fin/NegVerb. -- Further examples and discussion of type A/Fin. -- Asymmetry in the marking of reality status: type A/NonReal. -- Asymmetry in the marking emphasis: type A/Emph. -- Asymmetry in the marking of grammatical categories: type A/Cat. -- A/Cat/Tam. -- A/Cat/PNG. -- A/Cat asymmetry affecting other grammatical categories. -- Further examples and discussion of type A/Cat. -- Asymmetric negation: a few residual cases. -- Multiple asymmetries: derived vs. independent. -- Further remarks on asymmetric negation. -- Comparison with some earlier studies. -- Conclusion. -- Quatitative data. -- Introduction. -- Frequencies. -- Symmetric and asymmetric negation. -- The subtypes of asymmetric negation. -- Combinations of the subtypes of asymmetric negation. -- The contexts of the different types. -- Paradigmatic asymmetric and neutralization of grammatical categories. -- Conclusions. -- Correlations. -- Correlations with other aspects of negation. -- Word order correaltions. -- Some conclusions. -- Geographical distributions. -- Conclusion. -- Functional motivations. -- Introduction: general principles. -- Functional asymmetry between affirmation and negation. -- Language-internal and language-external analogy. -- Some remarks on the role of diachrony. -- Motivations for the typological findings. -- Symmetric and asymmetric negtion: constructional and paradigmatic. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Fin. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/NonReal. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Emph. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Cat. -- Some general issues and concluding remarks. -- Diachronic developments. -- Symmetric and asymmetric negation: constructional and paradigmatic. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Fin. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/NonReal. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Emph. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Cat. -- Diachronic developments: conclusion. -- Some further issues. -- Conclusion. -- Conclusions. -- Appendix I: sample languages. -- Appendix II: examples and analyses. -- Appendix III: data table. -- Appendix IV: lists of languages in each type.
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Introduction. -- preliinaries. -- A preview of negation in language and in languages. -- Earlier typologies of standard negation. -- Theoretical and methodological issues. -- Outline of methodology. -- Sampling. -- Defining standard negation. -- Cross-linguistic patterns: classification and correlations. -- Functional motivations. -- Conclusion. -- Introduction. -- Symmetric and asymmetric negation: constructional and paradigmatic. -- Further delimitations to the object of study. -- Symmetric negation. -- Symmetric constructions. -- Symmetric paradigms. -- Further examples and discussion of symmetric negation. -- Conclusion. -- Asymmetric negation. -- Asymmetry in the finiteness of verbal elements: type A/Fin. -- A/Fin/Neg-LV. -- A/Fin/Neg-FE. -- A/Fin/Neg-Cl. -- A/Fin/NegVerb. -- Further examples and discussion of type A/Fin. -- Asymmetry in the marking of reality status: type A/NonReal. -- Asymmetry in the marking emphasis: type A/Emph. -- Asymmetry in the marking of grammatical categories: type A/Cat. -- A/Cat/Tam. -- A/Cat/PNG. -- A/Cat asymmetry affecting other grammatical categories. -- Further examples and discussion of type A/Cat. -- Asymmetric negation: a few residual cases. -- Multiple asymmetries: derived vs. independent. -- Further remarks on asymmetric negation. -- Comparison with some earlier studies. -- Conclusion. -- Quatitative data. -- Introduction. -- Frequencies. -- Symmetric and asymmetric negation. -- The subtypes of asymmetric negation. -- Combinations of the subtypes of asymmetric negation. -- The contexts of the different types. -- Paradigmatic asymmetric and neutralization of grammatical categories. -- Conclusions. -- Correlations. -- Correlations with other aspects of negation. -- Word order correaltions. -- Some conclusions. -- Geographical distributions. -- Conclusion. -- Functional motivations. -- Introduction: general principles. -- Functional asymmetry between affirmation and negation. -- Language-internal and language-external analogy. -- Some remarks on the role of diachrony. -- Motivations for the typological findings. -- Symmetric and asymmetric negtion: constructional and paradigmatic. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Fin. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/NonReal. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Emph. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Cat. -- Some general issues and concluding remarks. -- Diachronic developments. -- Symmetric and asymmetric negation: constructional and paradigmatic. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Fin. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/NonReal. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Emph. -- Asymmetric negation: type A/Cat. -- Diachronic developments: conclusion. -- Some further issues. -- Conclusion. -- Conclusions. -- Appendix I: sample languages. -- Appendix II: examples and analyses. -- Appendix III: data table. -- Appendix IV: lists of languages in each type.

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