Language typology and syntactic description /
by Shopen, Tomothy [editor]; Schachter, Paul; Dryer, Matthew S; König, Ekkehard; Siemund, Peter; Keenan, Edward L; Foley, William A.Material type: BookPublisher: Cambridge, Reino Unido : Cambridge University Press, 2007Edition: Segunda edición.Description: xx, 477 páginas ; 23 cm.ISBN: 9780521588577.Subject(s): Gramática comparada y general | Sintaxis | Tipología lingüística
|Item type||Current location||Collection||Call number||Copy number||Status||Notes||Date due|
|Libros||Sede Yerbabuena||Colección General||415 L271||1||Available||tmt10|
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Parts-of-speech systems / Paul Schachter and Timothy Shopen. – Introduction. – Open clases. – Nouns. – Verbs. – Adjectives. – Adverbs. – Closed clases. – Pronouns and other pro-forms. – Noun adjuncts. – Verb adjuncts. – Conjunctions. – Other closed clases. – Suggestions for further reading. – Word order / Matthew S. Dryer. – Introduction. – Some basic Word order correlation. – Verb-final languages. – Verb-initial l anguages. – SVO languages. – Object-initial languages. – Interim summary. – Conclusion. – Indentifying basic Word order. – Identifying constructions cross-linguistically. – Identifying the order of subject, object, and verb. – Identifying subjects. – The order ob subject, object, and verb. – Lexical noun phrases versus pronouns. – Identification of manner adverbs. – Identification of preposition and postpositions. – Adpositions versus case affixes. – Casse affixes versus adpositional clitics. – Adpositions and relational nouns. – Languages without adpositions. – Identification of genitives. – Alienable versus inalienable possession. – Lexical genitives versus possessive pronouns. – Exceptions to Word order generalizations. – Other word order characteristics thet correlate with the order of object and verb bidirectionally. – Verb and adpositional phrases. – Verb and non-argument noun phrases. – Main verb and auxiliary verb. – Copula verb and predicate. – Question particles. – Complementizer and clause. – Article and noun. – Subordinate and main clause. – Word order characteristics that correlate with the order of object and verb unidirectionally. – Noun and relative clause. – Plural Word and noun. – Intermediate unidirectional and bisirectional cases. – Subordinator and clause. – Complementizer and clause. – Word order characteristics that do not correlate with the order of object and verb. – Adjective and noun. – The absence of a correaltion with the order of object and verb. – Adjective and noun. – The absence of a correlation with the order of object and verb. – Idenfiying adjectives. – Demostrative and noun. – Numeral and noun. – Negative particle and verb. – Tense-aspect particle and verb. – Degree word and adjective. – Other typologycal characteristics correlating with the order of object adn verb. – Position of interrogative expressions in content questions. – Affix position. – The use of case in distinguishing transative. – Other sorts of implicational generalizations. – Order among elements at the same level. – Languages with flexible word order. – Typologycal versus langauge-particular description of word order. – Examples of summaries of word order properties. – Siyin Chin. – Batad Ifugao. – Summary. – Suggestions for further reading. – The major functions of the noun phrase / Avery D. Andrews. – Introduction. – Preliminaries. – Semantic roles. – Agent and patient. – Other semantic roles. – Coding strategies. – Order and arragement. – NP-marking. – Cross-referencing. – Pragmatic functions. – Topics and topic-comment articulation. – Focus-presupposition articulation. – Thetic articulation. – Overview of gramamtical functions. – Types of gramatical function. – External functions. – Oblique functions. – Obliques functions. – Obliques (PPs) in English. – Obliques in Warlpiri. – Core gramatical functions. – Subjects. – A concept of subject. – Subjects and coding features in ordinary main clauses. – Subject ellipsis. – Coding features in non-main clauses. – Switch reference. – Reflexivization. – Other properties ob subject. – Other core gramatical relations. – Direct objects and second objects. – Idirect objects. – Other core relations. – Syntactic ergativity. – Reconsidering grmmatical relations. – Mixed syntactic ergativity. – The Philippine type. – The universal status of a- and p-subjects. – Manipuri. – Split intransitivity. – Conclusion. – Suggestions for further reading. – Clause types / Matthew S. Dryer. – Introduction. – Non verbal predicates. – Types of copulas. – Adjectival predicates. – Nominal predicatives. – Equational clauses versus with true nominal predicatives. – Optional copulas. – Locative predicatives / existential clauses. – Locative copulas. – Existential clauses. – Existential clauses for expressing predicate possession. – Other types of existential clauses. – Minor types of clauses with nonverbal predicates. – Verbal predicates. – Transitive versus intransitive clauses. – Ergative versus accusative patterns. – Ditransative clauses. - -Subtypes of intransitive clauses. - -Stative versus nonstative clauses. – Split intransivity. – Zero-intransitive (or ambient) clauses. – Semi-transitive clauses. – Clauses with derived verbs. – Suggestions for further reading. – Speech act distinctions in gramar / Ekkehard König and Peter Siemund. – Speech acts and sentences types. – Declarative sentences. – Declaratives in relation to the other basic types. – Interaction with evidentiality. – Interrogative sentences. – Polar interrogatives. – Intonational marking. – Interrogative particles. – Interrogative particles. – Interrogative tags. – Disjuctive-negative structures. – Change in the order of constituents. – Verbal inflection. – Constituent interrogatives. – Imperative sentences. – Positive imperatives. – Negative imperatives (prohibitives). – Indirect strategies. – Related constructions. – Some minor sentence types. – Exclamatives. – Echo questions. – Nonfinite presentatives. – Answers to questions. – Summary and conclusion. – Suggestions for further reading. – Passive in the world’s languages / Edward L. Keenan and Matthew S. Dryer. – Introduction. – Passive as a foregrounding and backgrounding operation. – Basic passives. – General properties of basic passives. – Strict morphological passives. – Periphrastic passives. – The semantics of basic passives. – Aspectual differences. – Degree of subject affectedness. – Non-basic passives. – Passive with agent phrases. – Agent phrases in non-passive constructions. – The form of agent phrases. – Passives on non-transitive verbs. – Passives on ditransitive verb phrases. – Other passives with non-patient subjects. – Construction that resemble passives. – Middles. – Unspecified subject constructions. – Inverses. – Antipassives. – The functional load of passive in grammars. – Suggestion for further reading. – A typology of information packaging in the clause / William A. Foley. – Introduction. – On verbal semantics and packaging options. – Conceptual events, participants, and perspective. – Parameters governing actor choices. – Parameters governing undergoer choices. – Intransitive verbs and the unaccusative/unergative split. – On argument structure and and pivots. – The nature of argument structure. – The notion of pivot. – A typology of pivots. – A typology of pivots. – On information structure. – The discourse status of noun phrases. – The information status of noun phrases. – The animacy hierarchy. – Topics, pivots and prominence. – On voice: clause-internal packaging options. – Passive constructions. – Foregrounding passives. – Backgrounding passives. – Summary. – Antipassive constructions. – Foregrounding antipassives. – Backglounding antipassives. – Applicative constructions. – Summary of clause-internal packaging constructions. – On clause-external packaging options: topicalizations, left, dislocations, adn right dislocations. – Suggestions for further reading.
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Lenguaje y lenguas